Alkali-silica reaction in concrete. Digest 330, Parts 1-4. Watford, 2004
Part 1. Background to the guidance notes, 8 pp.
Part 2. Detailed guidance for new construction, 12 pp.
Part 3. Worked examples, 8 pp.
Part 4. Simplified guidance for new construction using aggregates of normal reactivity, 4pp.
Delayed ettringite formation: in-situ concrete, IP 11/01, BRE, Watford, 2001
Concrete in aggressive ground. Special Digest 1, BRE, Watford, 2005 (2017)
Bridge foundations and substructure, BRE Report, HMSO, London, 1979
May be dated now without some aspects of current practice included, but gives a comprehensive coverage with much practical guidance on all aspects of bridge substructure.
Bridge detailing guide, Report C543, 2001
Concrete pressure on formwork, Report R108, 1985
Control of cracking caused by restrained deformation in concrete, Report C766, 2018
A Guide to the Design of Anchor Blocks for Post-tensioned Prestressed Concrete, Guide No. 1, 1976.
Provides guidance on the flow of forces and the calculation of reinforcement in end blocks of post-tensioned construction.
Guidance on embedded retaining wall design, Report C760, 2017
Manual on scour at bridges and other hydraulic structures, 2nd edition. Report C742, 2015
A comprehensive guide on the design, construction and protection against scour. The basic principles behind the causes and behaviour of scour are explained with examples, detailed descriptions of mitigation and control measures and on dealing with any scour that may occur. This updated version to the original manual published in 2002 places emphasis on providing specific guidance within the contexts, regulations and legislation of the UK (England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland) and Republic of Ireland.
Manual on scour at bridges and other hydraulic structures - supplementary guide, SP171, 2021
Non-destructive testing of civil engineering structures, Report C798, Feb 2022
Whole-life infrastructure asset management: good practice guide for civil infrastructure, Report C677, 2009
Guidance for good bridge design, FIB Bulletin 9, 2000
Guidelines for the design of footbridges, FIB Bulletin 32, 2005
Precast concrete bridge continuity over piers, FIB Bulletin 94, 2020
Bulletin 29 Precast concrete bridges (2004) which outlined the history of precast bridges and gave an overview of types and systems. Bulletin 94 elaborates on one specific structural system, the continuous bridge, and discusses in detail how to achieve continuity over piers with precast elements.
Guidelines for submerged floating tube bridges, FIB Bulletin 96, 2020
Submerged floating tube bridges can solve the problem of passing lakes and fiords, thereby removing the impact of lake side or above water structures. The structural behaviour is that of a bridge although has the structure of a tube. Bulletin 96, focuses on concrete structures for vehicles and is aimed not only at designers, but contractors, owners and public bodies.
Conceptual design of precast concrete bridge superstructures, fib Bulletin 99, Aug 2021
Precast concrete enables the advantages of an industrialised process to be fully utilised. Contemporary concrete mixtures are used to realise high-strength bridge girders and piers, both structurally and aesthetically, with a small ecological footprint. The bulletin takes a closer look at the conceptual (preliminary) design of precast concrete bridges and shows in a pragmatic way, using 24 global examples, how leading designers use this methodology to select from the many possibilities to achieve an ideal design solution.
External tendons for bridges, FIB Bulletin 97, 2020
External tendons became increasingly popular in the 1980's, as a post-tensioning method to enable inspection. FIP initially published a state-of the-art report in May 1996 to provide a review of the application of external tendons, describing specific material problems and methods for dealing with them. Although after 25 years the engineering principles covered by the FIP report remains unchanged, but the context has evolved.
Design and assessment with strut-and-tie models and stress fields: from simple calculations to detailed numerical analysis, fib Bulletin 100, Sep 2021
Since Model Code 2010, significant new knowledge has been generated in this subject. The use of software implementing the theoretical ground of the stress field method is becoming increasingly popular and efficient, allowing for design, optimisation and assessment of structures in a simple, transparent and accessible manner. In this Bulletin, the current state-of-the-art of the strut-and-tie models (STM) and the stress field models (SFM) is presented. Reference is not only made to classical rigid-plastic solutions, but also to solutions considering compatibility of deformations, such as elastic-plastic approaches, or models allowing investigation of serviceability behaviour and deformation capacity of concrete structures.
Practical Design of Structural Concrete, FIP, 1990
Written with regard to MC90 but useful for strut & tie analogies
Handbook on Practical Design - Examples of the design of concrete structures, FIP, 1990
Practical examples of the design procedures for a variety of prestressed concrete bridges
Durable concrete structures, Design Guide, 2nd ed. CEB, Thomas Telford, London, 1992
Click here to view publications
SED 6 - Structural Bearings and Expansion Joints for Bridges, edited by Ramberger G, 2002
SED 11 - Design for Robustness, Knoll, F & Vogel, T, 2020
SED 17 - Extrados Bridges, Schlaich, M, et al, 2020
SCHLAICH, J. & SCHEEF, H. Concrete Box Girder Bridges, 1992
Contains good practical examples which are linked with theory.
BANAGHER PRECAST CONCRETE. Bridge Beam Manual, 3rd Ed., 2021
BENAIM, R. The Design of Prestressed Concrete Bridges, Concepts and Principles, CRC Press, 2019
Examining the fundamental differences between design and analysis, Robert Benaim explores the close relationship between aesthetic and technical creativity and the importance of the intuitive, more imaginative qualities of design that every designer should employ when designing a structure. his book enables concrete bridge designers to broaden their scope in design and provides an analysis of the necessary calculations and methods.
CLARK, LA. Concrete bridge design to BS 5400, Construction Press, Harlow, 1983.
Goes behind the code and explains the loading and design applicable to substructures in general. Useful section on analysis that supplements Hambly.
CONCRETE SOCIETY. Durable bonded post-tensioned structures, Technical Report 72, The Concrete Society, 2010
Supercedes TR47 Durable bonded post-tensioned bridges
CONCRETE SOCIETY Formwork - a guide to good practice, 3rd edition. CS 30, The Concrete Society, 2012
DALY, AF. & JACKSON, P. Design of Bridges with External Prestressing-Design example, TRL Report 391, 1999
DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORT. The performance of concrete in bridges - A survey of 200 highway bridges. HMSO London, April 1989
DYWIDAG. Bonded Post-Tensioning Systems using Strands, DYWIDAG-Systems International
EMERSON, M. Bridge temperature for setting bearings and expansion joints, TRRL Report SR479, 1979
The report describes a method by which the effective temperature of a concrete bridge may be determined at any time of day from measurement of the shade temperature and observation of the weather. Knowledge of this effective temperature enables the bearings or expansion joints to be set at their correct positions within the design temperature range.
ENGLAND, GL, et al. Integral bridges. Thomas Telford, London, 2000
Provides some of the theory behind the build-up of earth pressures behind integral abutments.
LEONHARDT, F. Bridges: Aesthetics and design, J Wiley, 1983
An immensely important and valuable classic work by a world-famous German bridge engineer. Despite its age it still provides one of the best guides for preliminary bridge design in terms of form, proportion and aesthetics. Printed in German and English with an enormous number of excellent photographs and illustrations.
HAMBLY, E. Bridge Deck Behaviour, 2nd ed. CRS Press, 2019
Good general reference
HEWSON N. R. Prestressed concrete bridges, design and construction, 2nd edition, ICE Publishing, London, 2011
A comprehensive coverage of both the design and construction of prestressed concrete bridge decks, with an introduction to the plant and equipment used.
HIGHWAYS AGENCY. The appearance of bridges and other highway structures, HMSO, 1996
The first edition was published by the DoT in 1964. A very useful book to help develop a preliminary design, particularly for bridges of modest size, but also for large estuarial type bridges. A good insight into what makes some bridges and their substructure better looking than others.
HIGHWAY ENGINEERING COMPUTER BRANCH GREAT BRITAIN. User Guide for Slab and Pseudo-Slab Bridge Decks, HECB/BI/7, 1978
Out of print and largely superfluous in terms of computing because of its age, but has methods for deriving transverse stiffness of voided decks.
MELARANGO, M. Preliminary Design for Bridge Architects and Engineers. CRC Press, 1998, pp308.
The academic work of a researcher rather than that of a practicing bridge engineer with a wealth of hard-won experience to pass on. It is also focussed on bridge forms and design practice in the USA, with imperial units used throughout. Brimming over with personal thoughts, and statements from many acknowledged reference works, but although there is a lot of relevant and useful guidance, it is rather verbose and almost lost in the mire. The text should have been critically edited to make it more accessible for practical use.
MENN, C. Prestressed Concrete Bridges, Birkhäuser, 1990
General text on prestressed concrete bridge design. Section 4.6.4 discusses detailing to resist local forces from curved tendons (in curved or straight bridges). Chapter 7 is devoted to the design and construction of special bridges and section 7.6 is particularly helpful in covering the design of curved prestressed concrete girders.
NATIONAL HIGHWAYS, Concrete Pavement Maintenance Manual, June 2021
The Concrete Pavement Maintenance Manual (CPMM) covers the investigation process to determine condition, identify defects and causation, and the maintenance options. It follows the 2001 edition developed by the Highways Agency and Britpave. At 300 pages it is a comprehensive tome and has been fully updated and restructured. It has been developed to promote the efficient maintenance of concrete pavements.
NATURAL ENGLAND. Green Bridges, Commissioned Report NECR181, Land Use Consultants, 2015
A good overview of "artificial structures over road or rail which is either vegetated or provides a wildlife function."
NEVILLE, AM. Properties of Concrete, 5th Edition, 2011
Although the original book was first published over 50 years ago this book is still the go-to reference for concrete and contains a wide range of information and references.
NICHOLSON, BA. Integral Abutments for Prestressed Beam Bridges, Prestressed Concrete Association. 1998
Background to the analysis, but the forces and pressures are now out of date.
PARKE G & Hewson N (ED), Manual of Bridge Engineering 2nd Ed, Thomas Telford, London, 2008.
Contains chapters on loading, analysis, design, maintenance, inspection and repairs of concrete bridges, as well as chapters on substructures, decks and many other aspects of bridges.
PEARSON, S & CUNINGHAME, JR. Water Management of Durable Bridges, TRL, 1998
The committee comprising representatives of the Highways Agency, CSS and TRL was set up because it was recognised that effective water management was the key to structure durability. Structures of all types are covered, but the document provides useful background reading for all involved in design, and will promote greater understanding of the objectives behind effective detailing.
PODOLNY, W. & SCALZI, JB. Construction and Design of Cable Stayed Bridges 2nd ed., John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1986
REYNOLDS, CE. STEADMAN & JC. THRELFALL AJ. Reinforced Concrete Designer's Handbook. 11th ed, Taylor and Francis, 2007 This will definitely be something of use for a preliminary design bridge engineer in this classic tome first published in 1932. Enormously detailed subject coverage, but beware of dated information. Refer to current Codes of Practice where appropriate.
SHAY MURTAGH PRECAST. Bridge Beam Technical Manual, 3rd ed.
SHAY MURTAGH PRECAST. Technical Manual, Box Culverts, 1st ed.
STANDARD METHOD OF DETAILING STRUCTURAL CONCRETE, 4th Edition, The Institution of Structural Engineers, 2021
Chapter 7 deals with prestressed concrete and discusses succinctly a number of issues which should be considered when designing and detailing prestressed concrete bridges.
TALY, N. Design of Modern Highway Bridges, McGraw Hill, 1998
This book has over 1300 pages (350 pages devoted to steel bridges). The author is a professor in civil engineering at California State University. This review covers those parts that could be used for preliminary concrete bridge design. There is also a large section on loading, which is of limited use outside the USA. Indeed, the principal disadvantage of this book to UK engineers is its understandable focus on parochial bridge types and design practice in the USA to the AASHTO Specification using imperial units. Although the author has attempted to describe all types of bridge, he has limited his detail work to highway bridges of modest form and size. This is a comprehensive and generally well-written work on highway bridges and their design for the USA and it has much to interest the UK engineer.
TOMLINSON, MJ & Woodward J. Pile design and construction practice, 6th edition, CRC Press 2014
Still one of the most comprehensive practical guides on piling. Updated to reflect the current usage of Eurocode 7, along with relevant parts of the British Standards